papyrus Westcar
Story of the miracles which occurred during the rule of Khufu
Based on the hieroglyphic transcription given in A. de Buck's 'Egyptian Readingbook'.
Arranged and modified by Geoffrey Graham. Typeset by Mike Dyall-Smith
Versión en español
What is this all about?
Hieroglyphic pages **
Typeset pages for study of the text
New Members
Intro., advice, tips, etc.
Geoff's transliteration (M. de C. format)
About p.Westcar
Background, origin, etc.
Commentary / Translation
Edited AEL discussion of the text
Useful books and publications.
Click a sign to find the meaning!
MacScribe Files
Copy pages into MacScribe.
Key words in context lists
Hieratic facsimile
Hand drawn facsmile of the hieratic original
Download or Print
(files, images, entire site!)
* Comments to Mike Dyall-Smith

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Mike Dyall-Smith: amateur egyptologist, web site creation and maintenance, source of all bugs, errors, and omissions.
Geoffrey Graham: Egyptologist, major contributor to the content on this site (eg. transliteration, discussions, etc.)
Mark Wilson: amateur egyptologist, web master of AEL, keen supporter and participant.
AEL participants: to all the participants, my heartfelt thanks for making this such a fun and informative discussion. Your names (given next to your contributions throughout the commentary) "shall make you live (forever)".

     AEL Page Number
Hieroglyphic pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Interlinear hiero. pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Vocabulary of page*
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Commentary - Transln.
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Ai, a, w, bp, fm, n, r, hH, xX, sz, Sqk, gt, TdD |
Hieratic Facsimile
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

* If you do not use a web browser that handles frames, then click here.

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 On Mac's the GIF images of the hieroglyphs look very large on the screen. That is because I saved them at 144 dpi resolution but GIF files are always displayed on the screen at 72 dpi (so in this case are displayed twice as large). It is best to download each image file to your computer, then open it up in a graphics program, adjust the printing dimensions to fit the page size you use, and print it. The resolution is good enough to recognise all the signs clearly. Given that the image is about 2 x larger than my paper size (A4), you will need to reduce it to 40 - 50 % to fit in on a standard page size.

For DOS users, here is a suggestion posted by Marc Line (24th May, 1997):

" The method which seems to work the best for me involves the use of a piece of shareware called Paintshop Pro. It's available gratis from WWW (URL via a search) sites or from incentive CDs on magazine covers. It allows for the resizing of graphics files prior to printing. The only thing you have to watch out for is that in the process of reduction, a bitmap image which has narrow line widths might lose the odd line or two. The "p" box regularly becomes 3 sided, for example. After printing, it's a good idea to check the hard-copy with the screen image in order to pencil in the losses. "


a) Individual pages can be downloaded to your computer using the browser (eg. in Netscape you simply go to the 'File' menu and use the 'save as' option). Images are NOT SAVED in this procedure, only the text.

b) To download the images you need to press the mouse button (the right button on IBM machines) down while the cursor is within the image (hieroglyphs). Then a pop-up menu will appear with a 'save this image' option. Save it to your machine and then you can open it from your browser (use the 'File' menu, 'open file' option), or in a graphics program. All recent graphics programs accept GIF images.

c) To download the entire web site. The advantage gained by this effort is much greater speed. You fly through pages instead of sit staring at your screen, hoping for the goddess of bandwidth to grant you another 10kB.
Here is the zip file of the whole site. This can be unpacked using standard Mac or PC software (eg. stuffit expander). File is about 3.4 Mb.

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Typeset hieroglyphic pages using MacScribe (1.3.5) and Canvas (3.5.4)
Last updated 29/5/2000, M.D-S.